Get A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) PDF
By William D. Davies
Madurese is a tremendous neighborhood language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, ordinarily at the island of Madura and adjoining components of Java, making it the fourth biggest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there is not any present complete descriptive grammar of the language, with present reviews being both sketches of the total grammar, or distinct descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific themes inside those parts of the grammar. there isn't any competing paintings that offers the breadth and intensity of insurance of this grammar, particularly (though no longer completely) in regards to syntax.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50)
Moehnilabib (1979) recognizes six vowels, corresponding to the phonemic inventory posited here. Notably absent in all but Stevens and Cohn & Lockwood is any distinction between [ə] and [ɨ]. And, in fact, no practical orthography ever devised for Madurese has ever recognized such a distinction (see section 8). Those that make use of symbols other than a, e, i, o, u identify six or seven graphemes but never include a distinct symbol for . What, then, is the status of [ɨ]? e. to regularize the system of alternating vowels.
There are no V sequences, as ə only occurs in closed syllables. Finally, [aɨ] and [ə] are, to the best of my knowledge, unattested. Thus, the only surface vowel clusters that are found are [aɛ], [aɔ], [ɤi] and [ɤu], as in (19) [paɛ ‘bitter’ [aɔn] ‘year’ [bɤi] ‘else’ [ḍɤun] ‘leaf’ 15 [aɛ ‘feces’ [paɔ] ‘mango’ [cɤi] ‘ginger’ [cɤu] ‘far’ There are cases of what appear to be clusters of [ml], [mr], [ms], [nr] and [ns]. However, they are quite limited (perhaps fewer than 20) and they clearly arise from reduplication of a monosyllabic root to form the preferred disyllabic root.
See Chapter 9. 34 Chapter 2 Phonology lyses in which the conditioning environment depends on a feature that they refer to as [lowered larynx] which is manifested in the voiced and voiceless aspirated consonants. Given the conditioning environment, the non-high vowels are expected following [l], [r],  and [s]. And that is what the data show when considering only word-initial [l], [r], and [s]. ) However, there are data in the previous sets that show instances of high vowels following [l] and [r].
A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies