After Liberalisation: A Vision of Europe in the Global by Christopher J. S. Gentle (auth.) PDF

Europe

By Christopher J. S. Gentle (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0312161956

ISBN-13: 9780312161958

ISBN-10: 1349248436

ISBN-13: 9781349248438

ISBN-10: 1349248452

ISBN-13: 9781349248452

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Additional resources for After Liberalisation: A Vision of Europe in the Global Economy of the Twenty-First Century

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This is a result of the growing complexity of economic activity which has fostered the boom in services. In the bulging nexus of the world economy services have played a key role. Moving beyond the traditional model whereby services followed and supported manufacturing industries, services now lubricate the means of production, distribution and exchange. The dividing line between production and additional tertiary activities has been blurred for good. In today's global economy - facilitated by information technology - services play the fundamental role in the generation of wealth: services make the world go round9 .

As we have already seen the privatisation and injection of competition into former state monopolies has resulted in huge job losses. For instance, in France privatised firms have been no better than public enterprises in preserving jobs: some 136000 jobs have been shed since 1983 by Bull, Aerospatiale, Renault, Ugine-Sacilor, Thomsen and Pechiney - all privatised companies. This chapter has illustrated the way that the ideology of the market has radically changed economic activity. The managed process of liberalisation within GATT gave market forces momentum to bring about globalisation.

The ravage of unemployment and poverty is not only isolated to the developing world, it also is severe in Europe: showing that globalisation is increasingly not just an economic, but also a social phenomenon. The unemployed rate in the EU in 1993 was eleven per cent, whereas in the 1960s it averaged two per cent15 . This burden is a growing drag on the competitiveness of Europe in the international economy; this is an economic and social illness that needs to be treated. It is also a major cause of the growing government debt of many European economies and precipitated the collapse of the exchange rate mechanism in 1992.

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After Liberalisation: A Vision of Europe in the Global Economy of the Twenty-First Century by Christopher J. S. Gentle (auth.)


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