Read e-book online After Man: A Zoology of the Future PDF
By Dougal Dixon
What unique creatures does day after today carry? Dougal Dixon's vintage paintings of speculative anthropology blends technological know-how and myth in a beautiful zoology of the future.
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All of us event qualms and anxieties once we stream from the identified to the unknown. although our achievement in existence could depend upon trying out limits, our faintheartedness is a reminder of our want for safeguard and our information of the hazards of venturing into alien worlds.
Evoking the new, dust-filled Harmattan winds that blow from the Sahara to the Gulf of Guinea, this ebook creatively explores what it skill to be buffeted via the unexpected and the unknown. Celebrating the life-giving power of individuals, locations, and powers that lie past our demonstrated worlds, Harmattan connects existential energy to the act of resisting prescribed customs and wondering got notions of fact. on the book's middle is the fictitious tale of Tom Lannon, a graduate pupil from Cambridge college, who continues to be ambivalent approximately pursuing a traditional lifestyles. After touring to Sierra Leone within the aftermath of its devastating civil warfare, Tom meets a author who is helping him discover the chances of renewal. Illustrating the truth that sure points of human life are universal to each person despite tradition and heritage, Harmattan remakes the excellence among domestic and international and the connection among wisdom and lifestyles.
Now not one American in 10,000 has any reference to becoming or promoting rice, so the strain of the yank executive to open up Japan to our rice stands because the so much weird and wonderful of all of the bizarre legacies of Reaganomics.
Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney, professor of anthropology on the collage of Wisconsin, believes the rice exchange had assumed (at the time this e-book was once released, in 1993) a symbolic significance to American policymakers. probably so, even supposing they communicate as though the query is substantial.
However, 'Rice as Self' isn't approximately America's harmful delusions approximately rice. it's approximately jap attitudes towards the grain, and it seems they're in many ways deluded to boot, although harmlessly so.
'A people's delicacies, or a selected foodstuff, usually marks the boundary among the collective self and the opposite, for instance, as a foundation of discrimination opposed to different people,' writes Ohnuki-Tierney, who used to be born in Japan and has investigated 'others' there, equivalent to the Ainu.
In the USA, we're usually advised that rice is so uncomplicated to eastern ways in which the phrases for breakfast and dinner translate actually as 'morning rice' and 'evening rice. ' yet Ohnuki-Tierney says this centrality is extra psychic than actual. there's an highbrow dispute in Japan approximately even if rice was once ever the staple meals there. the typical humans could have been extra depending on millet or, later, candy potatoes.
But there's no denying the significance of rice to eastern methods of pondering. Rice isn't really 'self' the best way Hawaiians regard themselves as interchangable with kalo (taro, the elder brother of the 1st Hawaiian), however it was once a present from the gods. It has a soul, is the 'purest' type of fee and should even be reminiscent of semen.
Even while you are what you devour, this can be a heavy load of symbolism for a nutrients to hold. And it keeps its symbolic strength, says Ohnuki-Tierney, although 'scarcely any modern eastern could carry . . . that rice has a soul or that rice is a deity. '
Paradoxically, 'the symbolism of rice has remained extra vital for the japanese humans than rice agriculture itself. ' As affluence has elevated, the japanese have eaten much less and no more rice, who prefer to refill on what was facet dishes of greens, fish and flesh. (In Hawaii, the 'two-scoop rice' of the old-time okazu-ya [cafeteria] lunch has in recent times been decreased, frequently, to simply one scoop. )
At an analogous time, they've got develop into even more bad-tempered approximately their rice, focusing on the grain grown within the northeastern prefectures. construction, notwithstanding, is especially low. Ohnuki-Tierney says 10 million pounds a yr, a misprint for 10 million plenty. nonetheless, that's simply part a pound an afternoon in line with individual, no longer an important volume. (In one other position, she offers intake as seventy two kilograms consistent with individual in step with 12 months, which works the right kind creation determine. )
The paradoxes continue piling up. even though Japan fiercely protects its rice agriculture, it produces much less of its meals than the other country -- forty nine percernt in 1988. the U.S. provides many of the deficit. (A scenario altering in prefer of Southeast Asia for the reason that this e-book was once accomplished. )
Here on Maui, rice is loose -- the cost of 20 cents a pound is below it charges to send it in. In Japan, humans pay approximately 8 occasions what american citizens Mainlanders pay for rice. They inform interviewers that they could simply find the money for dear rice, due to the fact that they devour so little of it.
'Rice as Self' demonstrates that just about every little thing in regards to the hyperlink among rice and jap humans includes paradox, even though their belief of paddies because the most lovely and demanding panorama -- 'our land' -- should be a little bit much less in clash with fact than the opposite services of rice.
In any case, modernity is slowly altering the connection of jap to rice, Ohnuki-Tierney shows. Her ebook definitely demanding situations many glib assumptions approximately 'Japanese personality' which were driven within the united states. And for AJAs (Americans of eastern ancestry), 'Rice as Self' has extra piquance.
Ohnuki-Tierney's persuasive booklet merits a wider readership than anthropological monographs frequently get.
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Extra resources for After Man: A Zoology of the Future
I use pseudonyms for customers and service providers that approximate the names they use in the salons. As many Korean women have adopted American-style names in the workplace, I follow this convention. I have also changed the names of nail salons. I refer to key respondents according to a description of their positions and, if they gave permission, by their names and organizational affiliations. 24 introduction researching one’s own: reflexivity and feminist methodology Where does the urge come from to barge into strangers’ lives and pick apart the meanings of their words, gestures, random thoughts, and most hidden feelings?
I tape-recorded interviews when interviewees consented to the procedure (approximately two-thirds of the interviewees). In cases where respondents refused or where tape-recording was difficult, I made extensive handwritten notes and typed them immediately afterward. I use pseudonyms for customers and service providers that approximate the names they use in the salons. As many Korean women have adopted American-style names in the workplace, I follow this convention. I have also changed the names of nail salons.
To provide comparisons based on gender and ethnicity, I interviewed two Korean men who are nail salon owners, two Korean male manicurists, three white male customers, two black male customers, two Vietnamese nail salon owners (one man, one woman), and one Chinese, one Russian, and two Ecuadoran women manicurists. To provide comparisons to other Korean-owned small businesses, I engaged in limited participant observation in a Korean-owned grocery store and interviewed the owner and manager. As part of extended participant observation, I engaged women in dozens of informal unstructured interviews about nails on subways, at parties, waiting in lines, and in the myriad locations in which New Yorkers find an excuse to strike up a conversation.
After Man: A Zoology of the Future by Dougal Dixon